The three research questions underlying this project use documents and documenting practices to conceptualize the socio-technical arrangements of social scientists’ distributed and virtual organizing. The questions are:

1. What document infrastructures do scientists build to support their virtual organizing and documenting practices?
2. How do documents in motion support heavyweight virtual organizing?
3. What distributed, social and technical aspects of heavyweight collaboration are manifested in specific patterns of documenting practices and virtual organizing?

Our research investigates the role of documents in supporting distributed and virtual organizing. This is done by attending to the practices and doing of science as supported by cyberinfrastructure. The goals of this research are to (1) improve the design of CI while (2) adding to the understanding of how science is enabled through its uses. This is done through examining the ways in which distributed scientific collaboration and virtual organizing for research is intertwined with digital tools and resources.